Association football, also known as just soccer or football, is a football-themed team game played between two teams of eleven players. It is played in more than 200 nations and dependencies, which make it the most popular sport in the world. The game is particularly popular in Europe, North America, Australia and Asia. It has been adapted to a variety of different cultures and time periods. One of the most enduring legends about the sport is the World Cup, a series of international tournaments organized and hosted annually by the FIFA (Federation of International Football Associations) and FIFA (Federation of International Soccer Associations) governing bodies.
The game was originally created to be a form of military training, and was developed from the ancient game of war with sand. Ancient football games involved teams that would battle with each other to see who possessed the most territory. The game spread across Europe and the Middle East in the years before the start of the twentieth century and the first World Cup was held in Germany in what is now FIFA (Federation of International Football Associations) World Cup tournaments. Since then, soccer has grown in popularity not only in Europe and Asia, but also in North America, South America and Australia. The sport has even made notable comebacks in some of its former European countries such as England and Spain.
In football, the object is to score more points (“comparative points”) than the opponent (“defensive points”). Both sides attempt to accomplish this by taking turns with the ball at mid-field and using various methods of passing the ball from one player to the other. Passing is usually done through a combination of passes, movement, and touch with the feet. The object of the game is to become the first team to cross the goal line (“goal”) with the ball, and the resulting point is the winning team.
Modern football games are played between teams that are a part of a competitive league. Unlike games played in the early days, modern football involves both an active role for the offense and defense. A typical game includes two halves of eleven minutes each for normal football games and half an hour for penalty kick and restart. A break between the second half and the beginning of the third quarter is commonly called a “warm up” or “exchange of players.”
In standard football games, there are two ways to score a point: by making a tackle with the ball, which results in a “touching” or “ball catch”, and by grounding the ball into the goal square. Touching involves holding of the ball by one team’s defender and returning it to the goal line while the opposing team attempts to touch the ball. For grounding, the ball needs to be completely crossed over by the attacking team. Usually, the referee will order a corner kick or a tap-out. These are usually followed by five or ten yards of field goal attempts from the opposite team’s side of the goal line.
The last quarter has special rules that differ depending on the game in question. Most standard games have a two-yard penalty for kicking the ball in the air after it has been touched by a team member except for a field goal. The foul also applies if the offensive team attempts to kick the ball while it’s in the air and it doesn’t make it to the playing field. The offensive team that makes this extra point has to get the ball to the winning side’s side of the field before the time expires.