Sports (or sports) is any forms of generally competitive physical activity that, through organised or casual participation, aim to utilise, develop or enhance sporting capability and skill while providing physical entertainment to participants, and sometimes, spectators. As a result, sports competitions often require participants to use exceptional physical strength, as well as having a reasonable mental focus and control over their actions. Although a game of touch football may involve relatively few physical moves and quick reactions, the strategic elements involved can be highly complex. Sports are also often accompanied by a competitive spirit and this often serves to promote camaraderie and good sportsmanship among participants. Some forms of sports may be based entirely on individual competition, while others are related to a particular team or category.
The word ‘sport’ is derived from the verb ‘to play’, therefore, literally means ‘to play ball’. Many people believe that the word ‘sport’ can also be used in a non-past tense, such as to mean ‘an act of playing ball’. However, the precise root meaning of the word is dependent upon the form in which it is used and can only be determined by directly referring to the sport concerned.
The most common forms of physical activities associated with sports include sprinting up a hill, throwing a baseball, volleyball, basketball, tennis, hockey, soccer, golf and wrestling. Whilst the list of possible games and sports is seemingly endless, each of these sports requires unique physical strategies, skills and abilities, as well as the development of individual athletic ability. Furthermore, each of these sports has distinct rules and regulations governing how players can interact, and fair play. To participate in a game of any of these sports requires a certain degree of skill, athleticism and grace.
Another common form of physical activity associated with sports is a contact sport, such as wrestling or boxing. It is largely recognised that the majority of serious injury related to contact sports takes place during the actual competition or match. The main differentiating factor between contact and non-contact sport is the manner in which the participants interact. Non-contact sport involves players applying sudden and violent moves in an attempt to cause injury to another participant. As opposed to the controlled, cautious movements seen in a game of contact sport, where players exercise caution when attempting to hurt another.
One of the most popular forms of physical activity associated with sports is ice skating. Ice skating is widely regarded as one of the most efficient and fun ways to exercise, due to its simplicity and adaptability to various forms of weather. A skater can choose to use a roller, an ice stick, blades, or their feet, to achieve their unique style of skating. This means that regardless of whether ice skating is performed inside a small rink or on the streets, the level of skill required and the commitment required are both highly unlikely to be met by a person who chooses not to wear a uniform. This means that there is a very large element of personal style involved in Ice skating.
It is clear that the term ‘sport’ can be applied to a wide range of activities. However, it is important to remember that each type of activity is distinctly different and that it is unlikely that any two sports will share many common elements. In addition, it is often difficult to generalise across a wide range of different sports due to the fact that they all involve very unique skill sets and physical structures. For example, in a running track race, the overall speed is largely dependent on the efficiency and speed of the runners, while in a mixed martial arts competition the skill of the fighters plays a key role in determining the outcome.