There are many categories in which the Motor Racing Teams may be divided: Grand Prix motorcycle race is the most popular category of motor bike road racing event held on authorized road circuits certified by the F Grande Internationale De Motocyclisme (FIM). All other types of motor bike racing competitions are held under the GT, Super GT. These categories have their own sets of rules to qualify for the final, which generally includes a championship race. Each series has its own separate category rankings, for example the GT World Cup is won by the teams that finished first or second in the preliminary races.
The MOTOGP is the most important category, as it decides the outcome of the race, based on several important criteria. The first one is maximum speed, which is set according to the maximum allowed speed of the cars, motorcycles and some boats. The second one is minimum speed, which is set for each race track. The third one is fuel efficiency, which is influenced by different factors such as the type of motorbike, engine capacity and weight of the rider and the tires. The tires are specially designed for maximum grip for different surfaces.
In order to qualify for the MOTOGP class, bikes and drivers must fulfill several conditions. The first one is that all components such as the frame, bodywork, forks and shock absorbers should be original equipment. It is the responsibility of the owner to prove these. If the bikes do not meet the minimum specifications, then they will not be able to compete in the MOTOGP class. Bikes that are built to the international standard approved by the MOT consist of all the necessary parts and are built with the latest developments in motorbike tyres and suspension.
The tyres must have the maximum bore and width available, which is based on the total height of the bike. The maximum bore is measured from the ground to the pedal centre of the saddle. On top of this, the width is measured from the ground to the handle bar downwards. If the maximum bore and width of the tyres are not met, the bike will fail to qualify for MOT.
The second requirement of the MOTOGP is that the engine should not be a two cylinder or a four-stroke engine. Only two cylinder and four-stroke engines are allowed in the motocross category of the MOT. Even if the bike has two or three cylinders, it may still fail the MOT, if it fails to comply with the other requirements of the MOT. That is why the rider of a two or four-stroke engine needs to prove that the engine is a single-cylinder.
The other requirements of the MOT include the fuel capacity, the maximum emission levels, the oil capacity, the minimum weight of the motorcycle and the engine configuration. The fuel and the oil capacity of the vehicle are determined using the grams of fuel in kilograms and the maximum rated speed of the vehicle during a trial ride. The maximum emission levels required to be achieved for each model of motorcycle depend on the fuel capacity and the engine configuration. The minimum weight of the vehicle and its general size are taken into account to ensure that the vehicles do not exceed the maximum and minimum weights, respectively.